The magnificent statue of Buddha Tee-Chan was placed in front of Mi-Tuo-Yen. The great wishes of Buddha Tee-Chan were that he vowed not to become a Buddha if the hell realm was not liberated.
He was a great Bodhisattua in the eyes of Buddhist devotees.
Buddha Tee-Chan’s great wishes: is to liberate the hell realm beings.
About Ksitigabha Bodhisattva … (information refers from: http://www.ompramanidanisoha.com/)
Ksitigarbha Bodhisattva is one of the four principal bodhisattvas in Oriental Mahayana Buddhism. The others are Samantabhadra Bodhisattva, Manjusri Bodhisattva, and Avalokitesvara Bodhisattva.
Between the Shakyamuni Buddha’s Maha Paranirvana and the arrival of the Maitreya Buddha, the Saha-world would exist without a Buddha. Concerned that celestial beings will have no one to turn to, Shakyamuni Buddha asked Ksitigabha Bodhisattva to use his powers to ‘ferry over’ the devas that fall into the hells. Ksitigarbha Bodhisattva vowed that should any living beings not yet ‘ferried over’, he would not wish to become a Buddha, and this is one of the most touching story in Buddhism.
Ksitigarbha Bodhisattva during his past lives was born variously as the son of the elders, Brahman lady, king, etc. According to Longevetiy Ksitigarbha Pranidhana Sutra, in all these lives as commoners, he had always vowed to help all livings and to ‘ferry over’ all living beings from the hells. Hence, he had such a great compassionate vow, that it was called the ‘Great Vow’.
Meaning of Bodhisattva …
In Buddhist thought, bodhisattva (Pali: bodhisatta; Thai: phothisat) literally means “enlightened (bodhi) existence (sattva)” in Sanskrit.
Those who call themselves bodhisattvas are motivated by the wish to benefit other “existences” and to lead them to enlightenment.
The Mahayana encourages everyone to become bodhisattvas and to take the bodhisattva vows. With these vows, one makes the promise to work for the complete enlightenment of all sentient beings.
According to the Theravada tradition however, being a bodhisattva and becoming a fully enlightened Buddha (Sanskrit: Samyaksambuddha) is not possible for the vast majority of beings, so their common path to follow is to strive for becoming an Arhat (liberated from the sufferings of the cycle of rebirths).
The 10 Bodhisattva Grounds
- Great Joy
- It is said that being close to enlightenment and seeing the benefit for all sentient beings, one achieves great joy, hence the name. In this bhumi the bodhisattvas practice all virtues (paramita), but especially emphasizing generosity (dana).
- In accomplishing the second bhumi, the bodhisattva is free from the stains of immorality, therefore, this bhumi is named ‘Stainless’. The emphasized virtue is moral discipline (śila).
- The third bhumi is named ‘Radiant’, because, for a bodhisattva who accomplishes this bhumi, the light of Dharma is said to radiate from the bodhisattva for others. The emphasized virtue is patience (ksanti)
- This bhumi is called ‘luminous’, because it is said to be like a radiating light that fully burns that which opposes enlightenment. The emphasized virtue is vigor (virya).
- Very difficult to train
- Bodhisattvas who attain this bhumi strive to help sentient beings attain maturity, and do not become emotionally involved when such beings respond negatively, both of which are difficult to do. The emphasized virtue is meditative concentration (dhyana).
- Obviously Transcendent
- “By depending on the perfection of wisdom awareness, he [the bodhisattva] does not abide in either samsara or nirvana, so it is ‘obviously transcendent'”. The emphasized virtue is wisdom (prajna).
- Gone afar
- Particular emphasis is on the perfection of skilful means, or upaya-kaushalya, to help others.
- The emphasized virtue is aspiration.
- This, the ‘Immovable’ bhumi, is the bhumi at which one becomes able to choose his place of rebirth.
- Good Discriminating Wisdom
- The emphasized virtue is power.
- Cloud of dharma
- The emphasized virtue is the practice of primordial wisdom.